Macro & Micro Minerals

Selenium: An Essential Mineral

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Selenium is an essential trace mineral. It is necessary to maintain good health but is needed only in small amounts. Selenium naturally occurs in the soil and is absorbed by both the forages and grains we feed to our horses. Since the selenium content of soils varies around the world, feeds grown in different areas will contain different selenium levels. In the U.S., for example, the northwest, southeast and Great Lakes areas are known to be... Read More »

Category : Macro & Micro Minerals | Nutritional Minutes | Tips and Topics

Hay tip for easy keepers

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Never cut back on hay to reduce calorie intake; instead, change to a more mature grass hay that will provide plenty of fiber but less energy. Why? Because, hay, which provides your horse with essential fiber, is an extremely important part of a horse's diet. Horses should consume no less than 1.5% of their body weight per day in fiber. Even overweight horses need fiber to remain healthy. Calculating the least amount of hay your horse needs: 1,200... Read More »

Category : Fat & Fiber | Health & Management | Macro & Micro Minerals | Tips and Topics

When just a handful isn’t enough

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Many owners are unaware that a handful of concentrate a day does not come close to providing all the nutrients their horse needs. Feed manufacturers formulate concentrates to be fed at certain levels (typically at least 4 to 5 lbs per day). When recommended feeding directions are followed, minimum nutrient requirements are met, but when the amount fed is less than the minimum level, the diet can be lacking in essential vitamins and minerals. Processed... Read More »

Category : Health & Management | Macro & Micro Minerals | Tips and Topics

When conditioning, it isn’t just about cardio and muscle; consider bone density too.

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Bone remodeling occurs constantly throughout a horse’s lifetime and is essential to the maintenance of proper growth, soundness and longevity. Remodeling is most active in young, growing horses, but horses of all ages experience it to some degree. There are two reasons for remodeling: firstly, it allows bones to adjust to the physical stress new activities put on the skeleton. Secondly, it replaces bone that has been damaged by injuries, and it repairs... Read More »

Category : Macro & Micro Minerals | Tips and Topics

Iron is an important and readily available trace mineral

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Iron is considered a true trace mineral. Its main role is to assist in the transportation of oxygen throughout the horse’s body. Iron is required for the synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the pigment found in the red blood cells responsible for picking up oxygen from the capillaries in the lungs and transporting it to other body tissues. Sixty percent of the iron in a horse’s body is involved in oxygen transportation. It is a common... Read More »

Category : Macro & Micro Minerals | Tips and Topics

Where’s your salt block?

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Where you put your salt block in the pasture makes a difference. Research in Alberta, Canada, showed that where you locate a mineral or salt block in the pasture influences your horse's consumption rates. The greatest intake rates were noted when blocks were placed where horses spend most of their time hanging out. When blocks were located close to the pasture’s water source, very little of the block was consumed.   Article written by KPP... Read More »

Category : Macro & Micro Minerals | Other Topics of Interest | Tips and Topics

Vitamin deficiencies – who is at risk?

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Certain types of horses are at higher risk of developing vitamin deficiencies than others. It may be because they are unable to eat adequate amounts of fortified concentrates or consume enough green grass. Sometimes age plays a role too. At-risk horses will benefit from a balanced, low-calorie vitamin and mineral supplement. Who is at risk? Easy keepers eating a handful or two of grain a day and/or those on restricted pasture Horses and ponies in... Read More »

Category : Macro & Micro Minerals | Tips and Topics | Valuable Nutrients

Selenium: How Much Is in Your Horse’s Diet?

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FDA sets safe level for average horse The FDA has set a daily recommended level of selenium for an “average” horse at a total of 3 mg per day. This is a very safe level of selenium consumption and well below the maximum tolerable or poisonous limits. (See Nutritional Minute, Part I – Selenium.) When determining if your horse’s diet contains adequate selenium, you can use this average as a good reference point but since each horse is an... Read More »

Category : Macro & Micro Minerals | Nutritional Minutes | Tips and Topics

More Mighty Minerals

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Minerals are inorganic compounds that serve both as components in body tissue and as catalysts for various body processes. They play a critical role in a horse’s health and well-being. Minerals are broken down into two categories: macrominerals and microminerals. Macrominerals are those required by the horse in larger quantities. They are measured in the diet in grams per kilogram (g/kg). Microminerals are required in smaller quantities and are... Read More »

Category : Macro & Micro Minerals | Nutritional Minutes | Tips and Topics

Mighty Minerals

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Minerals are inorganic compounds that serve both as components in body tissue and as catalysts for various body processes. Calcium and phosphorus are perhaps the most recognizable macrominerals. As with all minerals, they are vital to your horse’s well-being. Calcium (Ca): Makes up 35% of bone structure Supports proper muscle contractions Plays a role in blood clotting Phosphorus (P): Makes up 14% to 17% of bone structure Supports... Read More »

Category : Macro & Micro Minerals | Nutritional Minutes | Tips and Topics

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