vitamins and minerals

Grazing Management for Sugar Sensitive Horses

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Lush, cool season spring grass is packed full of vitamins, minerals and energy, but it is also high in sugar! Sugar sensitive horses grazing on lush pasture can develop colic and laminitis. Sensitive horses are often restricted from grazing and maintained on dried forages. The potency of vitamin E declines very quickly once forages are harvested and dried. Therefore, horses that are restricted from grazing are at risk for developing vitamin E deficiencies... Read More »

Category : Essential Vitamins | Tips and Topics | Videos

Energy Crisis

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As pastures fade from green to brown, horse owners all over will soon be feeding hay to meet their horses’ energy requirements. A diet composed primarily of forage and the recommended amount of a well-fortified concentrate is all most horses need to maintain their weight. But many horses—like old horses or hard keepers—need more than the basics to stay plump and healthy through winter. To prevent an energy crisis in these calorie-needy horses,... Read More »

Category : Fat & Fiber | Tips and Topics

Researchers Confirm Vitamin E Lower in Horses Without Access to Pasture

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Horses are managed in varying conditions throughout the world. A vast number of them do not have access to growing pasture year-round due to geographic region, season, training schedules, or specific management routines. Because of their limited intake of fresh forages, these horses do not consume sufficient vitamin E for optimal health. Insufficient vitamin E in the diet can lead to muscle problems and impaired immune function. Canadian researchers... Read More »

Category : Essential Vitamins | Tips and Topics

Selenium: An Essential Mineral

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Selenium is an essential trace mineral. It is necessary to maintain good health but is needed only in small amounts. Selenium naturally occurs in the soil and is absorbed by both the forages and grains we feed to our horses. Since the selenium content of soils varies around the world, feeds grown in different areas will contain different selenium levels. In the U.S., for example, the northwest, southeast and Great Lakes areas are known to be... Read More »

Category : Macro & Micro Minerals | Nutritional Minutes | Tips and Topics

Electrolyte Use in Fall and Winter

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"I have only a few weeks’ worth of electrolyte supplement left in my bucket. With fall and winter approaching, do I need to order more and continue feeding year-round? I ride my gelding in the off-season, but ask nothing strenuous of him, usually just quiet hacking a couple times a week." Your question is a timely one. Most horsemen and horsewomen classify electrolytes as “seasonal supplements.” That way of thinking is certainly justified. After... Read More »

Category : Electrolytes | Tips and Topics

Vitamin E Necessary for Optimal Health

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The most important function of vitamin E in the horse’s body revolves around its antioxidant properties. Antioxidants offset the damage caused by free radicals, which are unstable compounds that are generated when oxygen is burned by the body. When these free radicals circulate throughout the body unchecked, they cause cellular damage that is thought to play a role in various health problems. A diet abundant in vitamin E and other antioxidants ensures... Read More »

Category : Essential Vitamins | Tips and Topics

Electrolytes for Top Performance

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If you’ve spent any time around a stable during the summer months, then you are probably acquainted with the smell of equine sweat. The sharp odor may be indicative of hard work, but sweat loss also points to a significant management concern: electrolyte supplementation. Electrolytes perform critical functions in the horse’s body. Most notably, they help regulate nerve and muscle function by carrying electrical impulses between cells. In addition,... Read More »

Category : Electrolytes | Nutritional Minutes | Tips and Topics

Love in a Bucket

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Love takes many forms Approaching the barn you slide the heavy, hanging door back and the deep rumble sets off a chorus of whinnies, nickers, and lip-smacking. You think to yourself, what a nice greeting! The horses are so happy to see you because they love you, right? After all, you’re the one who feeds them. And no horse is happier to see you than the stout, vocal pony at the end of the shed row. Eventually they are all rewarded for their heartfelt... Read More »

Category : Health & Management | Nutritional Minutes | Tips and Topics

Hay tip for easy keepers

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Never cut back on hay to reduce calorie intake; instead, change to a more mature grass hay that will provide plenty of fiber but less energy. Why? Because, hay, which provides your horse with essential fiber, is an extremely important part of a horse's diet. Horses should consume no less than 1.5% of their body weight per day in fiber. Even overweight horses need fiber to remain healthy. Calculating the least amount of hay your horse needs: 1,200... Read More »

Category : Fat & Fiber | Health & Management | Macro & Micro Minerals | Tips and Topics

When just a handful isn’t enough

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Many owners are unaware that a handful of concentrate a day does not come close to providing all the nutrients their horse needs. Feed manufacturers formulate concentrates to be fed at certain levels (typically at least 4 to 5 lbs per day). When recommended feeding directions are followed, minimum nutrient requirements are met, but when the amount fed is less than the minimum level, the diet can be lacking in essential vitamins and minerals. Processed... Read More »

Category : Health & Management | Macro & Micro Minerals | Tips and Topics

When conditioning, it isn’t just about cardio and muscle; consider bone density too.

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Bone remodeling occurs constantly throughout a horse’s lifetime and is essential to the maintenance of proper growth, soundness and longevity. Remodeling is most active in young, growing horses, but horses of all ages experience it to some degree. There are two reasons for remodeling: firstly, it allows bones to adjust to the physical stress new activities put on the skeleton. Secondly, it replaces bone that has been damaged by injuries, and it repairs... Read More »

Category : Macro & Micro Minerals | Tips and Topics

Tips for feeding special needs horses in the winter

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Click here to download a print version of this infographic.     Text alternative for: Tips for feeding special needs horses in the winter Preventing winter weight gain in easy keepers. • Monitor your horse’s weight carefully during winter breaks and, if necessary, back off on concentrates. Equine Weight Formulas (Measurements in inches) • Adult Horse: (heart girth x heart girth x body length) ÷ 330 = body... Read More »

Category : Health & Management | Infographics | Tips and Topics

Reduce Risk of Horse Health Problems by Careful Winter Feeding

Kentucky Performance Products Feb Nut Min

Click here to read our Nutritional Minute.   Article written by KPP staff. Copyright (C) 2015 Kentucky Performance Products, LLC.   All rights reserved. Article sponsored by Micro-Phase, which provides essential vitamins and trace minerals missing from forages and unfortified diets in an easy-to-digest form. When health issues arise, always seek the advice of a licensed veterinarian who can help you choose the correct course of... Read More »

Category : Nutritional Minutes | Tips and Topics

Nutrition for Lay-Up/Convalescing Horses

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Whether a racehorse needs some downtime from the rigors of track life or a show jumper is on stall rest with a bowed tendon, the right nutrition can make a difference in recovery time and extent of recovery. Some horses will require less energy intake, while others with more significant injuries to overcome may require additional calories, because the immune system can be a major drain on energy reserves. Balanced nutrition is key to maintaining a healthy... Read More »

Category : Health & Management | Tips and Topics

Tips for feeding special needs horses in the winter

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Preventing winter weight gain in easy keepers. Some horses gain weight when given a winter break from trail riding, training, and/or showing. Monitor your horse’s weight carefully during breaks and, if necessary, back off on concentrates. When you feed less than the recommended amounts of a commercial concentrate, you need to supplement with a complete vitamin and mineral pellet (Micro-Phase ™) to ensure your horse’s nutrient requirements... Read More »

Category : Other Topics of Interest | Tips and Topics

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